some web jargon explained
How much stuff you can send through a connection. Usually measured
in bits-per-second (bps).
Usually refers to connections to the Internet with much greater
bandwidth than you can get with a modem.
A programme (software), such as Internet Explorer or Firefox,
used to look at various kinds of websites and other internet resources.
A cookie is a small data file sent to your hard drive by some
web sites. Most are used to make it more efficient for the person
using the site and are usually used to store user Ids, passwords
Short for content management system, software or applications
which enable yoou to have full management and updating rights
over your website.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheet)
A standard set of code used for specifying the appearance of text
and other elements. It was developed originally for use with web
pages and HTML, but is now used in other applications built using
XPFE. CSS is normally used to provide a single "library"
of styles, used over and over to drive the style and look of a
large number of related documents or pages, for example in a web
DHTML, or Dynamic HyperText Markup Language, refers to websites
such as enabling the visitor to drag items around on the web page,
some simple kinds of animation, and many more.
This is the unique name that identifies an internet site. Domain
names always have two or more parts, separated by dots.
Download is the term used to describe the transfer of data to
An intranet accesible to computers not physically part of a company's
private network, but which is not accessible to the public. It
might be used to allow vendors and business partners to access
different parts of the company web site.
File Transfer Protocol is a tool used to move files through the
internet from one computer to another.
This is a common format for image files, suitable for images containing
large areas of the same color. GIF format does not store photographic
images as well as JPEG.
The first page of a web site. It is also used to describe the
page a person has chosen to show when they first link to the internet.
Any computer on a network which is a repository for services available
to other computers on the network.
Hyper Text Markup language is the language used for publishing
on the world wide web.
Short for Internet Explorer, one of the browsers refrred to above.
A private network inside a company or organisation using similar
types of software you'd find on the public website, but which
is for internal use only.
often to add features that make the web page more interactive.
A JPEG, or Joint Photographic Experts Group, is most commonly
mentioned as the format for image files. JPEG format is preferred
to the GIF format for photographic images.
A widely used Open Source Unix-like operating system. Linux was
first released by its inventor Linus Torvalds in 1991.
This is the account name or user ID given to a person to enable
them to access certain areas on a computer or network.
This is code used on a web page to describe the information contained
on that page. It is a specific kind of HTML tag that contains
information not normally displayed to the user. Typical uses of
meta tags are to include information for search engines to help
them better categorize a page.
Any time you connect two or more computers together so they can
share resources, you have a computer network.
This is software for which the underlying programming code is
available, ususally free, to the users so that they may read it,
make changes to it, and build new versions of the software incorporating
PHP is a programming language used almost exclusively for creating
software which is part of a web site.
Usually used as a marketing term to describe a website which is
intended to be the first place people see when using the web.
Often a "portal site" has a catalogue of web sites,
a search engine, or both.
On the internet "protocol" usually refers to a set of
rules which define an exact format for communication between systems.
A search engine is a web site which enables people to search for
particular topics on the web.
A computer, or software package, which offers a specific service
to client software running on other computers. The term can refer
to a particular piece of software, such as a WWW server, or to
the machine on which the software is running, e.g. "our mail
server is down today, that's why e-mail isn't getting out."
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is the main protocol used to send
electronic mail from server to server on the Internet.
Spam (or Spamming)
The inappropriate attempt to use a mailing list, or other networked
communications facility as if it was a broadcast medium by sending
the same message to a large number of people who didn't want it
or ask for it.
This is one way of finding out how a site is doing by measuring
the volume of visitors to a website over a specific period.
A computer programme which is either hidden inside another programme
or which pretends to be something it is not, to trick potential
users into running it.
The Uniform Resource Locator is the address of any "resource"
on the web. The term URL is basically synonymous with URI. URI
has replaced URL in technical specifications.
XHTML (eXtensible HyperText Markup Language)
Basically HTML expressed as valid XML. XHTML is intended to be
used in the same places you would use HTML (creating web pages)
but is much more strictly defined, which makes it a lot easier
to create sofware which can read it, edit it, check it for errors,
XML (eXtensible Markup Language)
A widely used system for defining data formats. XML provides a
very rich system to define complex documents and data structures
such as invoices, molecular data, news feeds, glossaries, inventory
descriptions, real estate properties, etc.
The webmaster is the person responsible for the web site.